Turning Spindle Turning is the process in wood turning, where the piece of wood is turned on an axis through a turning band which is made up of two opposite turns of wood. Spindle turning, also known as turning between opposite points, is a traditional woodturning technique, referring to the process of turning a certain piece of wood on its center line. In turning spindles, wood is turned by turning the wood to one side and then the opposite.
The most popular type of turning is known as cross turning which involves turning a piece from side to side and is usually seen in turner’s work. The opposite sides are then turned together so that they come to the center of the wood. A turning spindle can be used with most forms of lathes including the dovetail and cross cut. It can also be used with the mortise and tenon.
Turning spindles were first developed over 400 years ago in France by Auguste Chardin, who worked for Louis-Augustin Jourdan and Louis Philippe. He used the first of several turning bands to achieve this. This became known as the “Chardin turning band”. The name was later taken by the famous French turner Auguste Blanchard, although many consider it to be named after Louis-Augustin Jourdan.
Turning spindles are available in various materials, including wood, metal and plastic. Wood is the most commonly used material, although it has some disadvantages, such as the tendency to warp and split at higher speeds. In contrast, metal has advantages over wood, such as resistance to breakage and flexibility. Plastic has also gained in popularity, especially with turning wood lathes and bench-top versions.
A turning spindle can also be used on lathes that are not lathes, such as a screw lathe, a hand drill, or even on hand cranks. One of the disadvantages of the screw lathe is the tendency to move off center due to the large amount of rotation required. This can be solved by using a turning band as opposed to the spindle itself. Turning and turning on hand crank lathes, on the other hand, allows greater freedom and is often achieved through a turning lever.
Turning spindles can be used to produce multiple effects such as beveling, shearing, and even straightening. Turning bands can also be used as the main turning device which can be mounted above or below the workpiece.